The Rev William Shergold

The Rev William Shergold: biker priest

?Father Bill?, standing right, smoking a pipe, with his biking colleague Father Graham Hullett, centre, outside St Mary?s Paddington with their flock

In the days when clergymen were treated not merely with deference but often reverence, the sight of the Rev William Shergold in motorcycle leathers mixing with rockers and fellow bikers in a greasy spoon on the North Circular before “doing a ton” around London’s desolate orbital road was distinctly incongruous.

This was the late Fifties and early Sixties when what was perceived as teenage rebellion was a novelty regarded by the older generation with alarm and confusion. So the news that a man of the cloth should wish to mix with doubtful types in winkle-pickers and zip-up leathers, who wore their hair in threatening quiffs and hung about aimlessly in seedy caffs listening to impenetrable beat music was startling.

But “Father Bill” saw things differently and getting in touch with the young and inviting them to his church was his mission in life. He became associated with the 59 Club, which was attached to the Eton Mission (founded by the public school) at St Mary of Eton, Hackney Wick, East London, where he arrived as vicar in February 1959. The previous month, in a daring attempt to attract young people, the Rev John Oates, then a curate at the church, had founded the 59 Club with great fanfare. He persuaded Cliff Richard, then topping the charts, to open the club. Princess Margaret was among the hundreds of guests, and was observed clapping in time to the jukebox along with Cliff and the Bishop of Bath and Wells. It was a sensation.

Shergold saw an opportunity to reach out to the young and with his easy, open manner he made friends with them. In particular they were struck by his motorcycle and leathers, rounded off with a dog collar.

In 1962 Shergold plucked up the courage to visit the Ace Café on the North Circular and chat to its biker denizens. His charm won over the coffee-bar cowboys and in no time they were roaring up from as far afield as Oxfordshire and Kent to his church on Saturday nights to savour the atmosphere of the 59 Club, which at one point had 900 members and a waiting list. It also had one of the UK’s first espresso machines, a big draw at the time.

At one point it claimed to be the largest motorcycle club in the world, its members regarded themselves as second only to the Hells Angels, and the club was immortalised in Giles cartoons. It was the first place in Britain to show the 1953 Marlon Brando film The Wild One, which depicted two motorcycle gangs terrorising small-town America and which had been refused even an X-rating by the film censor for fear that it might incite riots.

Archbishop Trevor Huddleston visited the club, which had become a beacon of hope in the fractured world of young and old and an exemplar of how to bridge the generation gap.

William Frank Shergold was born in 1919 and grew up in Enfield, North London. He studied at St Chad’s College, Durham, and the theological College of the Resurrection, Mirfield in West Yorkshire. Ordained in 1942, he began his ministry in wartime London. He was curate of All Saints with St Frideswide, Poplar, in the East End, 1942-49, and was then Vicar of All Saints, Hanworth, West London, in 1949-58. He was already using a motorcycle to visit his parishioners on modern housing estates near the newly developed London airport, now Heathrow. At the age of 40 he became Vicar of St Mary of Eton with St Augustine in Hackney Wick where he soon found himself a celebrity.

Inspired by a service for motorcyclists at the new Guildford Cathedral in 1961, supported by the Triumph and Sunbeam owners clubs, Shergold made his first tentative visit to the Ace Café, where hundreds of rockers met to talk bikes, eat greasy food and then roar off into the night. His dog collar hidden by a scarf, Shergold stepped inside. “I just drove up to them and said I want you all to come to church tomorrow, and started handing out my little leaflets,” he said. “Do you know, I had the most fantastic evening. I stayed almost until midnight.”

The following day some 50 bikers turned up for the service. As word spread so did the congregation. In 1963 Shergold was invited to officiate during Blackpool Motorcyclists week. The bikers had a whip-round and collected £100 or so with which they bought him a chalice, inscribed. By 1964 the 59 Club had 3,800 members. The media was agog.

Shergold, in jeans and leather jacket, though not a confident biker was by this time riding a powerful Norton twin. In 1964 he was appointed Vicar of St Mary’s Paddington, and his flock moved with him. The club flourished, its members making their annual pilgrimage to the Isle of Man TT. There was, however, trouble at Margate that Easter when some of the Fifty-niners were involved in a pitched battle with Mods outside the Dreamland amusement park.

“We can’t pretend they are all angels,” Shergold said. “Some of them have let the side down. It is an awful letdown. It is quite unlike the boys.”

Kent police considered setting up a mobile “flying squad” to rush to seaside towns when trouble started.

Len Paterson, the founder of the Rockers Reunion movement, remembers Shergold fondly. Although aloof, and never as comfortable with the greasers as his fellow priest Graham Hullett, he was “a father figure that many of the boys never had”.

The 59 Club had turned around the aimless life of many a young man, he said. Dance halls and bowling alleys refused them entry. Youth clubs were terrified of them. Shergold welcomed them, married them, buried them and saw them through many a court case.

In 1969 he moved to be Vicar of St Bartholomew’s, Charlton-by-Dover, Canterbury, and established — much to the amusement of his original tearaways — the 69 Club. He faded from the media spotlight until a police raid on a nightclub in 1985 in which officers arrested a club promoter, Simon Hobart. Shergold stood in as guarantor for the young man.

For a time Father Graham Hullett had taken over the running of the 59 Club in Hackney after Shergold’s departure, but by the 1990s it was a pale shadow of its former self. The spirit of the 59 Club damaged irrevocably by tensions between the authentic rocker elements and the everyday motorcycle enthusiasts.

Eventually the lease expired, funding from Hackney Council ceased, the delapidated Victorian-Gothic pile became an “off-Hoxton” art gallery and the 59 Club moved to Plaistow.

After further parish appointments Shergold retired in 1984 with permission to officiate in Chichester from 1992-99 and in Bath and Wells from 2000. In 1991 he appeared in an advertisement for Wrangler jeans, posing on a motorbike under Southend Pier.

Despite his bravado he was a shy man and modest, but driven by the need to bring the Church to young people. It was something he missed in his retirement. He did not marry.

The Rev William Shergold, priest and motorcyclist, was born on October 17, 1919. He died on May 17, 2009, aged 89

Experience buy and use bunk beds for children

Experience buy and use bunk beds for children

Bunk bed is a space-saving solution for a house with a small area. Also there is a bunk bed where fun, entertainment ideal for children. With these benefits in many parents rushed to buy bunk beds that some information about technical issues as well as quality. Bunk beds are not guaranteed if the following criteria will be very dangerous to your baby if used. One of the best place to choose the best cheap bunk bed is this website

Ruggedness, safety

A standard bunk bed will ensure overcome all the risk dilapidated swaying or make the bed with high stability during use.

Aesthetic and technical

The distance between the horizontal bar, also known as bed railing on the upper floor is not too broad nor too narrow to avoid baby trapped or fall. Beds must be machined smooth, smooth to avoid scratching and banging on edge. Should choose cheap bunk beds with mattress included here.

Experience buy and use bunk beds for children
Experience buy and use bunk beds for children

Stairs must be sure not to use too slippery lignin makes little prone to sliding, the gap must be large enough to easily move baby.

Ensure that from the 1st floor and 2nd floor to avoid the short distance makes baby sitting encountered. Do not choose too high bunk bed above the ground, rails to ensure safety is not too low. Wood should use natural wood, not impregnated with chemicals color will affect the baby’s skin. Choose cheap bunk bed under $200 here. You should also notice to stairs, choose your best cheap bunk beds with stair here.

Compliance with safety regulations during use

To help prevent serious injury or death from falls while using bunk beds, parents should note the following warning:

  • Never allow children under 6 years old in bed on
  • Only use the mattress from 1.93 to 1.95 m long and 0.97 wide – 1.0 m
  • Ensure thickness of mattress does not exceed 15 cm
  • Use the handrail on both sides of the upper floor
  • Prohibition of playing on or under the bed
  • Use up and down the stairs every time on the bed
  • No more hanging hooks into any part of the bed which was not designed for use with it
  • Do not arbitrarily change the structure without the consent of the manufacturer

The selection criteria for the bunk beds Baby

The selection criteria for the bunk beds Baby

Today, the trend of buying bunk beds for babies is common, but the mother was truly understand how the bunk bed with my little angel yet. We would like to introduce some criteria to select the best bed.

  1. Size reasonable

First we went to bed the size of the floor that we would choose. For the space between the two horizontal bars on top of the bed must be reasonable, not too wide so they do not get stuck or fall out. And so the ideal height of 30 to 35 cm.

The distance between the floor should have a reasonable height to avoid collision early baby sitting. The distance is 150 cm recommendations.

The selection criteria for the bunk beds Baby
The selection criteria for the bunk beds Baby
  1. Safety for Baby

The edge of the bed should be fine in the best way to avoid the accident happened to her. If you or shake the bed to check stability, ensuring no swaying bed and crooked. You should choose cheap bunk bed with mattress included here.

Also ladder also need space for the baby can move comfortably. Besides cushion to fit the bed is very important. Check carefully inlaid bed, make sure that the bed can support inlaid maximum force when the buffer on. Cheap bunk beds with stair here

We should regularly check the screws and bolts to ensure that the set screw is not loose or fall out.

The angel baby will grow very quickly, we recommend that the mother should choose a bed large area, ideally the bunk bed can be resized to a maximum cost savings for you when you big love every day.

The mother may in bunk beds for the best choice for your sweetheart.

Recipes selected summer wedding shoes for bride

Recipes selected summer wedding shoes for bride

Wedding in the summer brides often feel uncomfortable all day, wear tight shoes or high heels … So, before the wedding the bride should consult selection of shoes best suited for summer weddings.

The most comfortable wedding shoes
The most comfortable wedding shoes
  1. Select the matching wedding shoes wedding venue

Many couples prefer wedding in the summer. However, summer wedding has many difficulties such as hot weather, pumpkin painting, eating delicious … So if you have defined time wedding brides should consider choosing wedding dresses, wedding shoes how to fit summer wedding.

First bride wedding party will need to determine where the organization to choose the most suitable wedding shoes. If the wedding at home, the bride should choose a pair of flats, dolls comfortably hug the foot, medium-sized foot. Do wedding at home, the bride and groom will have to move a lot so low shoes are appropriate in this case.

But if the intended bride wedding in restaurants, hotels, you could still choose a pair of high heels, graceful, elegant. By weddings in the restaurant was on the script, the bride, the groom is not moving much, all the staff were most restaurants serve.

Especially for her like the sea, choose an outdoor wedding at the beach … can choose a suitable pair of flats or sandals least is still a luxury, youthful, energetic easily moving on shore.

  1. Choosing wedding shoes suit wedding dress

Brides can not take a double flats if combined with short wedding dress. This proves that when choosing bridal shoes regardless of wedding dresses, jewelry, hair styles to create the most harmonious one body.

If the bride dresses short wedding special attention to wedding shoes, by this time the bride feet completely exposed. The bride should choose a pair of boots 3, 5 or 7 cm depending on location wedding. In particular, the bride should pay attention to the style and decoration on the shoe, as well as the need to harmonize tone shoes, colored skirt suit. Do not turn yourself into the bride chameleon with all colors of wedding dresses, wedding shoes and flower decoration …you can choose comfortable ivory wedding shoes, or comfortable white wedding shoes or flat comfortable wedding shoes.

  1. Choosing wedding shoes fit figure bride

Bridal shoes should be selected with the physique bride. The petite bride should choose the shoes are too big, the pit. The bride has rough figure, legs should be selected to the big wedding shoes, corresponding to the foot, avoid too small wedding shoes, spike heels that figure becomes more and more rough.

  1. Choosing wedding shoes fit the foot size

Sultry summer wedding, the bride feel uncomfortable to wear shoes all day pumpkin painting, tight legs. So if you choose wedding and summer brides should choose shoes fit feet or larger size for little feet are comfortable, it is best to choose the open-toed shoes.

Tips for choosing bunk beds Baby

Tips for choosing bunk beds Baby

Increasingly, bunk beds becoming a new trend are many families in the city of choice for human interest, especially households in the apartment. Because it is not only beautiful and comfortable, but also saves space for family living.

However, choosing bunk beds how to secure the baby is not well known. Amazon will advise parents some “tips” choose love bunk beds for children, help parents save time shopping and selection.

Criteria for selecting children’s bunk beds

Number of beds depends on the number of children of the family. Mom can choose bed 2 storey as intended or families with 2 children. Some types of beds 3 floors

Tips for choosing bunk beds Baby
Tips for choosing bunk beds Baby

The edge of the bed should be smooth and rounded to avoid the considerable unfortunate accident happened to her.

The distance between the rails of the bed is not too broad nor too narrow to ensure the safety of the baby.

Elevator to the bed should be large enough, no warping, no tilt, the distance between the ladder enough with her stride to facilitate the move.

The drawer sure, not slippery

Parents please shake the bed to check stability, warping, ensuring no tilt bed, deviation, ramshackle.

Distance from 1st to 2nd floor must be high enough to touch the baby from the start. The best distance from the ground to the 2nd floor is 150cm.

Bed coverings will be checked carefully, make sure and secure, can support a maximum capacity for baby and adults. And you should choose cheap bunk beds with mattress included here for your house.

The nails, screws, bolts, latches, … be sure, no slipping.

Note: Children grow quickly, when choosing to buy bunk beds, parents, consider the long-term use and calculations for long-term use to save money when you love grow. And you are also find cheap bunk beds under $200 in this site

On another note:

Mother note should not be given to children under 6 years of sleeping in bunk beds upstairs to ensure the safety of the baby. With these tips above, we hope you will find for yoursefl the best cheap bunk beds, and we recommend you find cheap bunk beds with stairs here.

9 tips for brides choose wedding shoes

9 tips for brides choose wedding shoes

Wedding day is not just a means of transport, but a “companion” of the bride contribute to a complete wedding day. 9 tricks will help brides choose wedding shoes like the best.

Most comfortable wedding shoes
Most comfortable wedding shoes
  1. The comfortable wedding shoe is always the first criteria when selecting any shoes yet! Remember that you will wear these shoes from morning to night, so choosing a pair of shoes bring comfort is extremely important. Nobody wants their wedding night began with legs aching!
  2. Consistent If sewing bridal wedding dress or tunic, you should bring shoes to tailor precisely measure the length of the skirt / shirt to fit shoes (Minister has no open shoes …). If you buy ready-made garments, you should bring a pair of shoes that you intend to wear on the wedding day test at the same time. And in this situation you should choose the most comfortable ivory wedding shoes here.
  3. As well as wedding colors and theme weddings, wedding shoes reflect their personal style. A modern bride wedding shoes can use bright colors stand out amidst party. For brides traditionally might use a color “modern” with a wedding dress. And one of the best comfortable wedding shoe is ballet shoe.
  4. High heels or flats? Best brides should use shoes with characteristics similar to the shoes you wear every day. If you normally use shoe 5cm high, why should change to a higher pair while you are not comfortable ?! Similarly, if you do not regularly wear heels, the wedding day is not an opportunity for you to test. If you want a little higher, but not familiar with stilettos, the bride can consider the type of shoes with heels or kitten heel shoes with a heel height of about 3-4cm – easy to know, sophisticated and refined health. Alternatively, if preferred, the shoe with satin ballet shoes will be “companion” reliable for you. As for the wedding was held on the beach, you should choose shoes / sandals fit, which option is the most perfect thongs, flip-flops to avoid being “sunk” into the sand making it difficult to move transfer.
  5. White has many shades! So, if you wear white wedding dress and want to mate with a copper color shoes should take a sample of the shirt fabric to compare when choosing shoes, avoid being “ordered” color. These shoes can be white, ivory fabric because they are made from natural fabrics, while the majority satin shoes white green light phase. You also watch this white wedding shoes here.
  6. Rates Everyone has a separate budget and specific items in the wedding. However, do not reduce the budget for the market to purchase a pair of shoes, or sold on the curb rampant that makes their feet “ill” during the day. Last budgeting for a wedding shoes suitable equivalent of 10-15% of the value of the gown. And about the price, you can choose for yourself some cheap comfortable wedding shoes, but the quality is so good here.
  7. Style wedding shoes Typically, the bride of us would choose any style as long as shoes with high heels …. However, the venue of the wedding dress and wedding décor is also very much influenced style shoes. For example, you can not wear a pair of shoes “gaudy flowers wolf” in a party with elegant style, or unable to carry shoes in vintage style wedding modern …
  8. Summer or winter? In the cold of winter, shoes ankle boot is not the right season, but also warmth of your feet. As the summer, why? Of course, you have a lot of options, except the shoes sealed.
  9. You can not dance? Do you have an idea for a lively dance to stir the air wedding? If so, please reserve a pair of shoes is not too high, or can be completely flats to be comfortable, “stirring”.

And if you want to find the comfortable designer wedding shoes, you can find them here.

Note when selecting ceiling speakers

Note when selecting ceiling speakers

Ceiling Speakers type of equipment is no stranger to the consumer. However, selecting speakers earth does not everyone know.

Ceiling Speakers type of equipment is no stranger to the consumer. However, selecting speakers earth does not everyone know.

There should choose ceiling speakers or not?

To decide whether or not to use ceiling speakers for your home, let us analyze the advantages and disadvantages of it

Note when selecting ceiling speakers
Note when selecting ceiling speakers


- Save the area’s biggest advantage and most recognizable of this type of equipment. With housing space shrinking the current ceiling speakers are the most suitable choice.

- Listening to the sound without seeing the emergence of speakers will create a little fun for the guests of the family or loved ones in your home.

Note when purchasing ceiling speakers


- You will easily mount ceiling speakers if your house is in the process of construction, the house was completed, the perforated ceilings, wired sound … will cost you a decent account there.

- One thing is undeniable sound quality of the speakers is not as good ceiling speakers have the same range bin. The reason is that the speakers are usually designed with 2 or 3-way, while not large diameter speaker, the speaker does not have the barrel resulting sound is somewhat not “perfect”.

Note when purchasing ceiling speakers

When you decide to buy your ceiling speakers noted the following in mind:

- The first thing when choosing a ceiling speakers is to consider carefully your house: the sound wiring is not easy to perform, the perforated wall structure affects not home? …

- The selection of speakers should be very careful and have good knowledge in order not to affect the quality and structure your walls. Ideally you should choose the speaker easy to install and thanks to the advice of experts in order to get a ceiling speaker system best, most appropriate.

- Currently on the market there are many different lines of ceiling speakers, however, you should only choose products from well-known manufacturers to guarantee the quality and after-sales later.

- Select the speaker easy to install. Installation in accordance with the requirements of the catalog in order to ensure the best sound quality.

Bunk Bed Safety Tips for choosing your baby

Bunk Bed Safety Tips for choosing your baby

Trends choose bunk beds for baby more and more families in the city of particular interest because it is not only a place to bring your baby sleep, but also save living space, with space for children and families entertainment, work. However choosing bunk beds safe for your baby is not well known, here we would like to advise you some tips to help you choose the bunk beds were made rational decisions.

  1. The safety criteria.

The distance between the two horizontal bars on top of the bed to fit not too wide so she does not get stuck or fall out. Size high 30 – 35cm.

The corners and edges of the bed should be smoothing the best way to avoid the unfortunate accident happened to her.

Let’s shake the bed to check stability, ensuring wobble bed, ramshackle.

Bunk Bed Safety Tips for choosing your baby
Bunk Bed Safety Tips for choosing your baby

Ladders should also be large enough to facilitate the movement of the baby.

The distance of the first floor with the second floor must be high enough to avoid the baby was hit in the head while sitting on the floor. The distance from the ground to the second floor is best to 150cm.

Cushion safety, quality and fit the bed is extremely important. Check carefully inlaid bed, make sure that the inlaid bed can support a maximum capacity when the padding.

From time to time, to check the screws and bolts to ensure that you do not screw loose or fall out.

Just decided to buy baby bed when the parameters satisfy your requirements

Children often grow quickly, so you should choose an area larger bed, ideally, the bed can be resized to a maximum cost savings for you if you love big every day .

Form beautiful bunk beds and safe for the baby.

  1. Note the use of bunk beds

A bunk bed will give your child hours of play, hours of entertaining fun, but if you are not careful it can also cause unfortunate accidents for children. Children can fall out of bed, especially upstairs. So there is a bunk bed railing steadfast 2 sides, safe enough for the baby and keep him from falling off the bed. You can choose cheap bunk bed that it’s price is only under $200 here.

Sample beds are many families choose.

Elevator up and down between two floors need to be sure and safe and you must guide your baby up and down the best way. Do not encourage your child to play on the ladder to fall tranb.

Electrical power switch bedrooms or safe place to put your baby to sleep close to midnight waking baby can move up and down on the bed safely. So you should choose these bunk beds with safe stair here 

One important note is that you should not give your baby to sleep on the floor under 6 above. If the family has two floors above the baby to big kid should use. And the best way when buying bunk bed that you should buy both bunk bed and mattress included here.

If you are trying to maximize the space in your child’s bedroom, to consider buying a bunk bed in her bedroom is the best solution. Through the article “Tips select bunk beds for children,” we hope you will come up with a reasonable choice. And I think you also choose cheap metal bunk bed for your choice, because it is so stable and last for long time.

Should note when use in ceiling speaker

Should note when use in ceiling speaker

Today, when quality of life is increasing. It was then that the aesthetic of people increased in number and quality. Sound is one of the best aesthetic that. When you need a sound speaker system for home, restaurant, spa, cafe, hotel, supermarket stores, factories … that your goal is to listen to melodious music or sound notification should select ceiling speakers. That would be the smart choice for you on price as well as the aesthetics of it (of course then you have ceiling plaster or wood ceiling).

Should note when use in ceiling speaker
Should note when use in ceiling speaker

Advantages ceiling speakers

Easy installation without the need for auxiliary materials such as screws …. Many of the speakers you just brushed steel bar that you have installed.

Aesthetics: This is, of course, many people still do not know when the speaker put in place. With ceiling speaker system, all systems are go ceiling.

Competitive price. Investment ceiling speaker system is lower than other karaoke speaker system.

Notes on installing ceiling speakers.

Wireless speaker systems often have to be wired before installing ceiling plaster or wood ceiling.

For high-quality speakers, the thickness of the plaster ceiling to ceiling betong be from 15cm – 60cm depending on the different types of speakers

In Ceiling speakers that are usually much should you use ceiling speakers with high impedance and high impedance amplifier to avoid taking hot amply continuous hours.

When the hole ceiling speakers, you should be aware of the diameter of the speaker. In each box ceiling speakers are usually available on site and you just measured in that mold.

When the hole ceiling speakers, you should also prevent bone plaster (however, if you have cut to the bone, we can also remove the bones).

Want to mount ceiling speakers high power ceiling thickness of 50 cm or more must

Applications speaker announced in some systems.

- Application speaker audio system with smart home can turn potentiometer, switch, volume control in each room, each floor and each area.

Ceiling Speakers applications for smart home

- Applications for office

- Applications in factories, cafes

Pedal Board Power Supply Options Simplified

Pedal Board Power Supply Options Simplified

While there are many pedal effects that are in existence for enhancing the sound produced out of the instrument you would need a place to hold all of these pedals and supply power to them. As most of these would need a DC supply connecting each one of them to separate DC supply would be a tedious job. Hence the pedal board power supply is the ultimate power supply source for all the DC operated pedal effects that are located on the guitar pedal boards. Also all the pedal effects would not operate with the same DC voltage. Each pedal would need different voltage range starting from 9v to the 12v for small range pedal effects; 15v and 18v are for mid range pedal effects and the 24v and 40v are for high range pedal effects.

The most common voltage measure that is used by most of the pedal effects is the 9v DC power that is made available with the pedal board power supply. With the flexibility of connectivity the manufacturers are releasing the pedal effects that can accept a range of voltages due to which the common pedal board power supply can be selected for all of them. But different voltage range may produce different effects on the sounds. There would be lot of flexibility provided for the guitar player in experimenting with the wide range of pedal board power supply that are used to generate desired sounds for the musician to record his album.

The pedal board power supply will be based out of the battery that can generate the DC power for various pedals that are placed on the guitar pedal boards. Even the combination of single rechargeable battery along with its charger would do a great service as pedal board power supply. Each of the various alternatives will have their own merits and demerits.  While individual battery for single pedal effect would work fine for occasional performers that use one of more pedal effects would be fine the multiple pedal effects generally demand the use of guitar pedal boards. The individuals need not worry about cost when using the individual battery. But here the sound clarity will be dependent on the batteries that get tired.

The ultimate solution for wide range uses of pedal effect it to have a rechargeable battery as pedal board power supply. While the battery life span is confined to two hours the professionals would make sure that they replace the batteries before starting any new work so that the show would not stop.  Thus using DC power supply as pedal board power supply would be a good alternative for uninterrupted work though the initial investment is bit higher when compared to batteries. While selecting the DC pedal board power supply you should pay attention for the ground loops and other power line hums that would disturb the performance of the sounds.

Use noise gates when you use the pedal board power supply for effective functioning of the pedal effect that are required for recording excellent quality sounds.